TREST

TREST
TREST (Czech Třešt; Ger. Triesch), town in Moravia, Czech Republic. R. Jacob of Triesch is mentioned in a query addressed to solomon b. abraham adret . The community developed after the expulsion from nearby jihlava (1426) but it may be assumed that it existed earlier. In 1678 Jews owned fields and in 1693 they were permitted to distill spirits and to fatten cattle. Trest Jews were connected with the textile industry as sellers of wool, and in 1723 a distillery, tannery, and butchery were rented to a Jew. In 1789 there were 102 Jewish families permitted by the familiants laws ; 20 others also lived in the town. One hundred years later the community numbered 316. Trest was the seat of an important yeshivah and among its rabbis was eleazar loew . In 1930 the community numbered 64 (1.3% of the total population). It came to an end in the Holocaust period, some immigrating to England and Palestine and the rest deported to the death camps of Poland via Theresienstadt. Its sacred objects are now in the Jewish State Museum in Prague. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Gold and B. Wachstein, in: H. Gold (ed.), Juden und Judengemeinden Maehrens in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart (1929), 539–48; Germ Jud, 2 (1968) 833. (Meir Lamed)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Trest — Třešť …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Trest — Třešť Třešť (à l origine Triesch) est une ville de la région de Vysočina en Tchéquie, fondée au XIIIe siècle. L économiste Joseph Schumpeter y est né en 1883, quand Triesch appartenait à la Moravie. Portail de la Tchéquie Ce document provient de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • trest — (trest ) s. m. Toile à voiles de bateau pêcheur. Toiles à voiles, quatre fils, en broche, appelées trest, Annexe aux lett. pat. 30 sept. 1780, Picardie …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Trest — Trest, in der Piccardie eine Art hanfene Leinwand; vorzüglich zu Windmühlenflügeln u. Segeln kleiner Fahrzeuge gebraucht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Třešť — Geobox | Settlement name = Třešť other name = category = Town image caption = symbol = Třešť CoA CZ.jpg etymology = official name = motto = nickname = country = Czech Republic country state = region = Vysočina region type = Region district =… …   Wikipedia

  • trest — tress or trest /trest/ noun (obsolete or dialect) A trestle • • • Main Entry: ↑trestle …   Useful english dictionary

  • Třešt’ — Sp Tršèštis Ap Třešt’ L Čekija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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